Choosing the Best Concept for a Passenger Rail Car


The largest CIS rail car building facility, Tver Carriage Works, needed to choose the best passenger rail car concept for a city train. The plant needed to compare passenger entrance/exit times during peak loads for concepts that had different door amounts and widths, and then choose the best variant. They contracted ITS Consulting to perform this task. The consultants found pedestrian simulation modeling to be the best possible instrument to provide a solution.


Five rail car concepts were provided as input data. To choose the best one, the consultants had to compare them using the following criteria:

  • Full car filling time
  • Evacuation time
  • Entrance/exit times at stations
  • Average exit path length
  • Car population density

To simulate passenger movements, the modelers employed AnyLogic Pedestrian Library, together with 2D and 3D animation, which allowed for visualization of the process.

To make the model realistic, they divided passengers into several categories (regular passenger, elderly passenger, and passenger with luggage), each of which had its own specific behavior, including a “give up a seat” scenario.

Passengers in the model entered and exited cars in a stochastic order, similar to the real world conditions of public transportation. The modelers used average 50-runs statistics for analysis.

Three-door rail car seen from side and from the top
Three-door rail car seen from side and from the top


Thanks to the density map functionality, the model showed that using 3-door concepts resulted in a more effective use of space between doors in comparison to the other variants.

Pedestrian simulation modeling showed that the concept with three 1400 millimeter-wide doors provided minimal entrance/exit and evacuation time. Increased free space inside 3-door cars allowed for more effective and comfortable transportation during peak loads, while providing enough seats for passengers during non-peak periods.

The results were used for the design of the new Tver Carriage Works’ EG2Tv electric multiple unit.

More Case Studies

  • Simulating Bicycle Sharing System with the Help of AnyLogic System Dynamic Modeling
    Sustainable bicycle transportation systems have generated broad expectations and have recently attracted focus in the scope of urban planning by alleviating traffic congestion and reducing noise and air pollution. Such bike sharing systems are easy-to-use and generally promoted by the public administration, operating by advertisement companies, transportation operators and, and public organizations.
  • Using Pedestrian Library to Create a New Look for an Art Gallery
    Fair Dynamics, a Milan based consulting company with a distinct aspect towards simulation modeling, was engaged in developing The Ametria project, a contemporary art exhibition held in the Athens’ Benaki Museum. AnyLogic simulation modeling let engineers see where the artworks could be placed, as well as show how people could move inside the gallery.
  • Passenger Flow Simulation at Frankfurt Airport
    As operating company of several major international airports, the Fraport AG is one of the “Global Players” of the airport industry. With more than 140.000 passengers per day and over 80 aircraft movements per hour, the airport in Frankfurt - an aviation hub of worldwide significance – serves the Fraport AG as home base.
  • AnyLogic Tackles Eiffel Tower Crowds
    The Eiffel Tower operating company (SETE) used AnyLogic software to optimize the flow of tourists at the monument. With its help the engineers increased the number of visitors without redesign, but with people movement control.
  • Crossing the English Channel with AnyLogic
    AREP, the subsidiary of «SNCF Gares & Connexions», developed a simulation model which optimized the utilizing of the Transmanche Terminal of Paris’ Gare du nord. The main goal was to reduce the waiting time upstream and at the points of control of passengers. The model enabled to locate, value and represent the possible dysfunctions in these areas.
  • Passenger Flow Simulation for Railway Stations at Sochi 2014 Olympics
    NIIAS is specialized in railway traffic and infrastructure management. Using AnyLogic NIIAS modeled 5 railway stations for Adler – Alpika Service railway, which is being constructed for Sochi 2014 Winter Olympic Games.
  • Transfer Hub Passenger Flow Simulation at Moscow Ring Railway
    The launch of passenger trains on Moscow Ring Railway is expected to improve the road traffic situation and congestion on public transportation of the city. Many of the newly built stations will be connected to subway and commuter rails by huge transfer hubs. Passenger flows, at one of the future hubs, were simulated using AnyLogic software by the ITS Consulting Company for JSC Moscow Ring Railway.